Everything You Need To Know When Going On A Hike Of Pacaya Volcano, In Guatemala

Everything You Need To Know When Going On A Hike Of Pacaya Volcano, In Guatemala

Who knew that hiking an active volcano would be possible? Hiking Pacaya Volcano is a fun, rewarding experience!

I can’t really say where my obsession with volcanoes comes from – all I knew when I visited Guatemala was that I wanted to hike up Pacaya Volcano. I grew up in Sardinia, pretty much the only region in Italy that is not subject to earthquakes. We have plenty of gorgeous beaches here in Sardinia, but there’s no volcanoes – though there must have been at some point, proof being the many churches built using volcanic stone. Come to think of it, there’s even a couple of beaches with really dark sand.

However, there’s plenty of volcanoes in Southern Italy. Everyone knows about Vesuvio in Naples, famous for the eruption that made time stop forever in cities like Pompei and Herculaneum. And the news regularly report about the eruption of other volcanoes such as Etna and Stromboli, in Sicily.

I have always marveled at the sight (though only through a tv screen: that’s when I first caught sight of Pacaya volcano) but never thought of getting close to one. It didn’t even occur to me that it would actually be possible to hike a volcano, let alone get close to the crater. I thought they were off limits, or at least only suitable for real adventure junkies and not for the average girl that enjoys traveling and hiking (though to be fair, I hike way more than the average person!).

To read more about one of my hiking trip, head over to my post “What to expect when hiking Poon Hill, Nepal.”


Hiking up Pacaya volcano, in Guatemala – photo courtesy of Martina Santamaria (Pimp My Trip)

Guatemala And Its Volcanoes

Then I traveled to Central America, and realized that volcanoes were everywhere. Guatemala was the first country I visited in my 5 months backpacking trip. I arrived thinking of the Maya and of archeological sites like Tikal and Yaxa. I left completely charmed by its natural beauty – the lush tropical forest, the incredible Lake Atitlan, and all the volcanoes. That’s when I learned that hiking Pacaya volcano is actually possible.

A 4:00 am earthquake that woke me up was a polite reminder that Central America is one of the most seismic areas of the world.  It was the first (and only) earthquake I have ever experienced (despite being from Italy). But at least I realized that I was in a country with a whopping 29 volcanoes, a good bunch of them active and constantly erupting.

In Antigua Guatemala, I found myself literally surrounded by volcanoes: 4 are incredibly close to the city. Every day I could see Fuego (one of the 4 volcanoes surrounding Antigua) throwing smoke. Other travelers I met kept talking about hiking them. In proper unsuccessful backpacker style, having no idea of my whereabouts, I didn’t even know this would be possible, but I decided to investigate further. A quick visit to a local travel agent, and I was booked for a Pacaya volcano hike – this is one of the most active volcanoes in Guatemala.

The following is a recollection of what a hike on Pacaya volcano is like, with a few tips to fully enjoy it.

volcano Pacaya

The incredible view of Pacaya volcano – photo courtesy of Martina Santamaria

What You Need To Know Before Going On A Hike Of Pacaya Volcano, Guatemala

Pacaya volcano is one of the many (active) located around Antigua, the former capital of Guatemala, and perhaps the most accessible. The last big eruption of Pacaya volcano was in 2010. Until 2016, it was actually possible to see lava from up close during the hike – different tour companies took different routes. During sunset hikes, as soon as it got a bit dark, the volcano could be seen throwing smoke and lava.

I went on a sunset Pacaya volcano hike precisely with this in mind – though I surely understood that this may be dangerous. And I must say, it was quite a show.

Nowadays, it is no longer possible to climb towards the crater. Hikes to Pacaya volcano go up till a certain point and then down, following an area where the floor is made of solidified lava. The landscape is incredible: the vegetation is very thick to begin with, almost lush. Going up, the floor becomes sandy and vegetation more sparse, and eventually, closer to the crater, it is completely bare.


Steam coming out of the terrain of Pacaya volcano – hikers roast marshmallows on it!

At some point, the hike goes next to a bunch of fumaroles. That’s when guides hand over to the group of hikers marshmallows and a stick, so that they can be melted. Sure enough, one thing I would have not expected was that I’d be roasting marshmallows on Pacaya volcano, one day! But it was fun, and though I am hardly a marshmallow kind of girl, I enjoyed eating mine.

Needless to say, the view of Pacaya volcano hiking up was incredible. On a clear day, when the volcano is not surrounded by clouds, it is possible to see it fuming. Once at the highest point, the view of the surroundings (and of other volcanoes) is simply spectacular, especially at sunset.

The hike isn’t long at all, nor difficult – though I have heard of people who, for whatever reasons, found it incredibly hard. I guess it really depends on one’s level of fitness. All in all, it is better to never underestimate the level of difficulty of a hike.

Practical facts

Pacaya volcano is at about one hour drive from Antigua, and it is part of a national park, whose entrance fee is about 50 Quetzales (less than $7 USD).

Hiking Pacaya volcano is only possible with a guide (in any case, I never recommend hiking solo – read here why), which can be hired directly at the visitors’ center at the entrance of the national park. However, if one adds up the costs of transportation from Antigua, the entrance fee to the national park, and that of a guide, joining a guided group hike that departs from Antigua may actually be cheaper.

Tours of Pacaya volcano can be booked online, but watch out because some do include the entrance fee to the park, others don’t. The same goes for the tours advertised by the many tour companies around Antigua: it’s important to get a clear understanding of what to expect, not only in terms of what’s included, but also in terms of how the hike is structured.

These are some of the best tours of Pacaya volcano:


The incredible view of Pacaya Volcano – photo courtesy of Martina Santamaria

Having said so, tours of Pacaya Volcano are pretty much all the same: they last anything between 4 to 6 hours, which include the 2 hours driving to Pacaya and back. Horses can be rented at the beginning of the hike for less than $15 USD, but keep in mind that they don’t go on the lava fields.

Some may argue that since it is no longer possible to see the lava explosions, there’s little point in doing a sunset hike (the tour leaves from Antigua at 2:00 pm), and it is better to go early in the morning to avoid the hottest hours of the day. I would disagree with that: even without lava, the sunset views from Pacaya volcano are splendid and truly worth it.

Finally, it is possible to go on two days hiking expeditions of Pacaya volcano, where it is also possible to camp near the top and (after a 4:00 am wake up call) see the sunrise.

volcano Pacaya

A fiery sunset view from volcano Pacaya

Gearing up for the hike

  • Wear a good pair of hiking boots, as the floor is quite sandy and slippery.
  • Carry a wind jacket: once at the top, it gets incredibly windy and as the sun goes down, the temperatures fall as well.
  • If going on a sunset hike, carry a torch or a head lamp because the descent will be almost completely in the dark.
  • Pack a small daypack with plenty of water for the duration of the hike.
  • Carry small change.

Where to stay when hiking Pacaya volcano

Though it is possible to visit Pacaya volcano from Guatemala City, the best starting point for a hike is Antigua Guatemala – not to much in terms of distance (which is more or less the same), but quite simply because Antigua is a lovely city, pleasant to visit, packed with things to do and interesting attractions and with food and accommodation options for any taste, need and budget.

Having said so, here is a list of the best places to stay in Antigua:

Have you ever hiked Pacaya volcano? What are your tips to make the most of it?

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Learn what to expect when hiking volcano Pacaya, Guatemala - via @clautavani

Why Gallo Is The Best Beer In Guatemala

Why Gallo Is The Best Beer In Guatemala

I am in Guatemala, finally! I made it to Antigua last night, after a night of couchsurfing in Rome, a flight to London and from there to Miami and finally to Guatemala city. It was crazy – I have arrived in Rome when it was POURING rain, and got completely wet trying to find my couch. But, it was nice and free 🙂 I would be lying if I said that leaving and saying goodbye was great – I spent the last 2 days before the beginning of my trip going almost on the verge of a nervous breakdown, it was so hard to say goodbye to people – my parents, my sister, my friends, my swimming instructors, my cats. So, I cried so much before and during the flight that I travelled with a tremendous headache. But, guess what? It is gone now, and my smile is back on. I reminded myself that there can be “a going back”, if I want to. And I guess the first lesson that I have learned is how much I really love it back home.

Gallo Guatemala

Is Gallo really the best beer in Guatemala? – photo courtesy of Lynn F. (flickr)

Here is a first about Guatemala, that I did not know before. Radio commercials. I was listening to the radio on the car from the airport to Antigua and there was a football match on. The speakers continued asking each other, before anything else, whether they were indeed drinking “la mejor cerveza”. An entire conversation such as: “Here’s to you, Bob, and I bet you are drinking la mejor cerveza!” “Yes Dan, indeed I am having la mejor cerveza” – to then continue on commenting on the match.

As you can imagine, the minute I arrived in Antigua, I dropped my bags and went to have a Gallo. I am not sure it is la mejor cerveza, but it surely isn’t bad to toast on the beginning of my backpacking adventure through Latin America.

Read more about Guatemala.


Why You Should Visit Semuc Champey, Guatemala

Why You Should Visit Semuc Champey, Guatemala

Travel to Lanquin Guatemala

When they travel to Guatemala, backpackers go to Lanquin to explore the wonderful Semuc Champey caves around 9 km out of town and to visit its natural rock pools. Any Semuc Champey hostel can organise guided tours of the caves and of the area. For as adventurous as a Semuc Champey tour can be (picture walking in a cave, immersed in the water till your waste, holding a torch, and eventually getting out in the open air to view Semuc Champey and being able to go tubing, jumping off cliffs etc), these can be pricey. Since I was on a budget, I actually just got a ride and walked there and pay the basic entrance fee once there, to then hike around the slippery slopes and eventually get changed to jump in its paradisiac natural pools.

Guatemala Semuc Champey

A view of the splendid Semuc Champey natural rock pools

I had to remember to carry cash as once in the isolated Semuc Champey hostels I wasn’t able to withdraw any! My advice is to also stop in Lanquin and do some basic grocery shopping before getting to the hostel. Hostels tend to be isolated here, they don’t allow kitchen use and serve meals that the guests will be pretty much forced to eat as there are no other eateries around. Hostels do sell snacks, but everything is more expensive compared to the regular shop in the village. To save at least something, it may be better buying drinks and snacks before getting to the hostel.

How to get to Lanquin:

The best starting point to travel to Lanquin is La Antigua Guatemala and chances are that even if from Lake Atitlan it is necessary to go through Antigua to then reach Lanquin. Atitrans runs regular shuttle services from Antigua to Lanquin, $ 25, but it must be booked in advance.

From Lake Atitlan, there is a shuttle from Panajachel Guatemala (going through Antigua) with Atitlan Tours for around $45.

It will definitely be cheaper to travel via chicken bus, but the trip will last much longer due to the number of changes and inevitable stops. A good option for those who are not in a rush and can stop somewhere random on the way.

Once in Lanquin, Semuc Champey hostels outside of the village usually organise a pick up service. Beware that while this service is free on the way there, but not on the way back (it is possible to hitchhike on the way back to Lanquin, but in Guatemala it is a custom to pay those who pick up).

The gorgeous pools of Semuc Champey - photo courtesy of Matthias Hiltner (flickr)

The gorgeous pools of Semuc Champey – photo courtesy of Matthias Hiltner (flickr)

Where to stay and eat:

The settings are all gorgeous. El Retiro is a good hostel right in front of the river, about 500 meters from the village, with some organisation issues (it may well happen that the reservation is lost once there, leaving guests with no place to stay).

Utopia hotel is a budget hostel closer to the Semuc Champey caves, and right in the middle of nowhere (that is, isolated), somewhere above the river. It offers accommodation for all budgets, included an incredibly comfortable open air dorm (surprisingly, there are no mosquitos although this is right in the middle of the jungle and it only costs around $6 per night), hammocks and river side camping for those on a super-tight budget (under $4 per night), and small private nooks – beware, the entire construction is made of wood so noise travels easily. Bathrooms are shared (and illuminated by candlelight) and showers cold. The kitchen prepares breakfast, light lunches (and packed lunches for those going on the organised tours) and family style dinners, and there is a bar. This is a good option to stay in Semuc Champey, but party person should beware it won’t be easy to reach any other location from Utopia. Utopia staff can organise transportation to other locations in Guatemala too.

Why You Should Visit Lake Atitlan, Guatemala

Why You Should Visit Lake Atitlan, Guatemala

Lake Atitlan Guatemala

Do not ever plan a trip to Guatemala without considering a visit of Lake Atitlan: (rightly) considered one of the most beautiful lakes in the world, it is a place of breathtaking beauty, incredible magnetism, where I felt close to nature and where I could spend weeks doing different activities, and most of all where I could relax as I had not done in years.

Lake Atitlan and the villages overlooking the lake are a winning combination of beautiful scenery, relaxing atmosphere, easily accessible maya culture and good tourist infrastructures. The lake is volcanic, settled at 1560 meters above sea level and surrounded by more volcanoes such as Tolimán, whose peak reaches 3158 meters.

Lake Atitlan, Guatemala

Views of volcanoes on Lake Atitlan, Guatemala

The main port of entrance (and easiest to reach) to Atitlan lake is Panajachel Guatemala, the busiest settlement in the lake region, from which regular boats leave taking visitors to the many villages surrounding the lake. The village to pick for a stay depends on personal taste, but my advice is to visit all of them. San Pedro la Laguna is the less touristic one. San Marcos is the perfect place to practice yoga and meditation.

San Juan is the heart of many cultural activities such as weaving done using natural colours, traditional medicine and coffee production, and is a great place to buy souvenirs. San Antonio Palopo is a tranquil maya village famous for its ceramics. Santa Catarina Palopo is an authentic maya village that perfectly represents the Kaqchiquel culture. Last but not least, Santa Cruz la Laguna is a great starting point for sports and has a great view over the 3 volcanoes. It is the smallest village and can only be reached by boat or via a walk. There is a waterfront with an hotel and a hostel and the village, home of a Kaqchiquel community, is reached via a steep 600 meters walk. It is common to see villagers carrying heavy weights uo to the village.

Things to do in Atitlan Lake:

There are many activities that kept me busy while I was on the lake: hiking around lake Atitlan or on any of the surrounding volcanoes, biking, swimming in the lake, kayaking, boat tours of the lake, diving, yoga and Spanish courses are offered in any village on the lake and by practically all hostels. Trekking can be done independently as there are a number of free hiking trails to most places, but keep in mind that incidents have been reported on some of the hikes, with travellers attacked and robbed on the footpath that connects the villages. I always double check at my hostel to make sure it was safe to walk. Pueblos are interesting to visit, and in each one of them there is different artesania. Each has its own different weaving.

Lake Atitlan, Guatemala

Women dressed in traditional clothes at Lake Atitlan, Guatemala

During the evening, it is very pleasant to sit outside and sip a glass of wine to admire the beautiful sky, the many shooting stars, or the show of lightning breaking behind the volcanoes.

How to get to Panajachel Guatemala and to the lake:

From Antigua Guatemala, there are regular bus and shuttle services to Panajachel Guatemala (about 2 and a half hours). These cost around $ 12, with Atitrans. Tickets can be purchased in the main offices which are located in 6a Avenida Sur 8. Any good hostel in La Antigua Guatemala will be able to arrange this. It is possible to travel cheaper on the chicken buses leaving from Antigua bus station, but ask in advance for there will be many changes.

From Chichicastenango, there are regular direct shuttles to and from Chichicastenango. Going to Chichicastenango, the shuttle costs around $6 on market days and $15 on other days. I suggest to spend a night in Chichicastenango to enjoy the market from the early morning, and for a cheaper and more adventurous trip, Chichicastenango and Panajachel are connected via the super-cheap chicken buses (camionetas): just change at Los Encuentros and ask around – it is actually impossible to get lost! Needless to say, the same goes for the reverse route.

Once in Panajachel, go to the embarcadero, from where it is possible to catch one of the frequent lanchas to the villages that surround the lake. Prices are higher for non-locals (even Guatemalan tourists) but do make sure to ask the price, as the drivers tend to higher them a bit too much for non-Spanish speaking tourists. Boats run from early morning (as soon as the sun is out) till around 7:30 pm. Make sure to withdraw cash before getting on the lancha: ATMs are hard to find in some of the villages and not all hostels accept payment by credit card.

Santa Cruz La Laguna:

I normally am looking forward to relax, so Santa Cruz la Laguna, the smallest one in the area and only reached by foot or by boat, suited me perfectly. Santa Cruz has waterfront resorts (where the main sleeping options are) while the main village is on the hills, about 600 meters uphill from the dock and inhabited by the Kaqchiquel. The village overlooks 3 of the volcanoes that surround the lake: picture waking up in the morning and seeing this natural marvels sitting on the calm waters of the lake.

Sleeping options in Santa Cruz include home stays and La Iguana Perdida, which caters to any budget. This is right next to the dock, and offers a spectacular view of the lake.

Lake Atitlan Guatemala

The dock in Santa Cruz la Laguna

It is the perfect place to relax, practice yoga, read a book, play the guitar and just soak in the sun all day or lazily hang on one of the hammocks. The cheapest option to sleep is the open air dorm, with no electricity and costing less than $6; for a dollar difference there are dorms with shared bathroom, and for a few extra dollars private rooms with shared bathroom and private rooms with private bathrooms. There is a library and tv room with book crossing. Meals are extra, but there is a wide selection for breakfast and a home style dinner where all guests who have signed up for the dinner earlier on can eat together in the dining room. Vegetarian options are available.

The hostel can organise transportation to other places in Guatemala, diving lessons, spanish classes, treks and pretty much any other activity such as guided visits of the nearby village of San Juan La Laguna, where  the coffee plantations (included in the tour is coffee tasting) can be visited, as well as the traditional medicine and wooving centres in order to experience local culture.

The price of the guide can be negotiated locally – one should cost no more than 40 or 50 Quetzales (around 5 to 7 US dollars). From San Juan there are tuk tuk to San Pedro, where it is possible to catch a boat back to Santa Cruz. There are a number of cheap comedores in San Juan.

The nearest place to reach via a quite easy walk is Jaibalito. It is possible to also hike independently to San Marcos (about 3 hours) and to Solola (about 5 hours).


Guatemala best market: Chichicastenango

Guatemala best market: Chichicastenango

Places to visit in Guatemala: Chichicastenango

Chichicastenango, Guatemala

Colours of the market

For those who visit Guatemala, Chichicastenango is a must see. This small city feels isolated in time and space from the rest of country. Picture high mountains and a mist that covers the city, and when it comes down at night, it looks almost surreal. Set at 2172 meters above sea level, it does get cold in Chichicastenango, so be prepared and wear good layers. Travellers who do not have sufficient clothing to keep warm, can definitely find what they need at the local market but they should always barter the prices!

Chichicastenango, Guatemala

Does this look good on me?

Chichicastenango, Guatemala

Shopping for chickens at Chichicastenango market

Chichi, as it is called, has always been an important trading town. The main attraction here is the huge crafts market, where Maya traders meet on Thursdays and Sundays to sell their produce. Visiting the market is thus one of the things to do in Guatemala, even if you only just go for half a day. Tourist-oriented stalls – selling anything from clothing to wooden masks to leather goods – are mostly at the outer edges of the market, while the ones at the centre are mostly devoted to locals’ needs, selling fruits, vegetables, meats, cheese and live animals. I don’t think anybody should miss the colourful vegetable market, but it is important to be aware of pickpockets there. It is incredibly crowded, and tourists are an easy target.

I always advice not to carry the passport or any bulky, showy item, and make sure to keep belongings in the inside pockets of clothes, or in a money belt. Pickpockets are often just children who won’t find it hard, in the mist of the crowd, to unzip pockets and take out whatever is inside (be it a passport, a credit card, or just cash), to throw whatever they may not find useful. A 5 minute distraction may well cost a long time at the police station (where people literally line up to report thefts), at least a phone call to the travel insurance and credit card company, and the stress of having to get a new passport while away from home.

Chichicastenango Market

The colourful vegetable market of Chichicastenango

Chichicastenango Market

Tourists may be distracted by such cuteness while their pockets are being unzipped – that’s what happened to my friend

Chichicastenango, Guatemala

Chickens being sold at the market

Chichicastenango, Guatemala

Colours of the market in Chichicastenango

Chichicastenango is one of the places to visit in Guatemala, and not just for the market. It has a very strong Mayan influence, and here it is possible to observe some traditional Mayan rituals. Many local shamans will crowd the colourful cemetery and the two main churches, where they are summoned to pray by the locals looking for some specific “favours”. They will start ceremonies that involve colourful candles (each colour having a different meaning), sugar, eggs, and chanting. While pictures are strictly forbidden inside the churches, they can be taken (from a distance) at the cemetery.

Chichicastenango, Guatemala

Mayan rituals in Chichicastenango

On the way to Chichicastenango from La Antigua Guatemala, it is possible to also stop for a visit at Iximché, one of Guatemala Mayan ruins hardly ever included in Guatemala tours. Once at Katok it is necessary to take a short diversion. When I visited it the first time, I was among the very few visitors, which meant that I did not have to fight my way to the Mayan rituals that regularly take place on this lovely site.

Guatemala mayan ruins: Iximché

Guatemala mayan ruins: Iximché

How to get there:

Shuttles: Chichicastenango is connected to Antigua via shuttle buses. Any hostel can arrange door to door transportation.

Chicken buses: adventurous types can opt for local chicken buses (camionetas). Keep in mind that these do not have a real schedule but tend to leave when full. From Antigua get any bus headed to Guatemala City and change at Chimaltenango.

Chichicastenango can also be easily reached from Panajachel: take a bus to Los Encuentros and then change there to Chichicastenango.

Where to stay and eat in Chichicastenango:

Hotel Mashito (8a Calle 1-72) is a family run hotel, with plain comfortable (if only a bit humid) rooms with private bathrooms.

On market days, the best option for meals are the cook shops at the centre of the market (the fried food stalls surround the edges). For as little as $ 2 it is possible to have meal of caldo de res (meat soup) with potatoes and corn; or a chuleta (pork chop) with vegetables and rice, and a drink. On any other day, the comedores near the post office are a good budget option.

Care to know about more places to visit in Guatemala? Click here.