Although often overlooked, there are actually more things to do in Colombo than you’d imagine and if you are visiting Sri Lanka, you should consider spending a day or two exploring its largest city.
Usually referred to as Sri Lanka’s capital, Colombo actually is just its judicial and executive center – the capital is indeed Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte, of which most foreigners (including myself, I must admit) never even heard about. Most people would tell you that you should skip Colombo during your trip to Sri Lanka: there’s lots of traffic and – supposedly – not much to see.
I dissent! I spent a day in Colombo during my last trip to Sri Lanka and I was actually positively surprised by all that it has to offer, and although I did find it intense (traffic, pollution and lots of construction work going on), I think it is very interesting and that it deserves a visit.
In this post, I highlight some of the things to do in Colombo that you should not miss, and share a few useful trip that will help you plan your visit.
13 Things To Do In Colombo That You Shouldn’t Miss
One of the unmissable things to do in Colombo is visiting the many temples. Gangaramaya is simply a must.
Located on 61 Sri Jinarathana Rd, this is Colombo’s most important Buddhist temple. It’s actually a pretty large temple, with several buildings which include a pagoda, a library, a small museum with a pretty random exhibit, a display of donations and gifts from devotees, and – apparently – even a relic of Buddha’s hair. There even is a stuffed elephant on display – a bit out of place to be honest, and you kind of feel sad for the poor animal being there on display!
PRACTICAL INFORMATION: You can get in for just 300 Rupees, which is about $3 USD. The temple is open from 5:30 am to 10:00 pm.
Admire the colors of the Temple of Sri Kailawasanathan Swami Devasthanam
Located on 11/15, Captain’s Garden Kovil Street, this is honestly the most impressive temple you will see in Colombo. It’s a Hindu temple, with very detailed and incredibly colorful artwork, both inside and outside.
PRACTICAL INFORMATION: You can get inside this temple for free, but beware of the opening hours, which are from 6:00 to 10:30 am and from 4:30 to 6:00 or 7:00 pm.
Walk around the Fort
The Fort area is overall one of the most interesting places to visit in Colombo. Most of the old buildings in the area belong to the Dutch and British colonial times – when this part of town really was a fort. Next to them, you’ll find some very modern buildings – so the overall feeling you get is that of a very eclectic place.
Places of interest inside the Fort include Old Galle Buck Lighthouse, which was built in 1954 and from where you can enjoy nice views of the ocean and the harbor; the Clock Tower, which actually used to be a lighthouse and was built in 1857; Central Point, which dates back to 1914, is the biggest building in the area and has been beautifully renovated; and Lloyd’s Building, which dates back to 1908.
Enjoy some down time at the Old Dutch Hospital
Among the nicest things to do in Colombo, there’s visiting the Old Dutch Hospital. Inside the Fort area, you will also find the Old Dutch Hospital. It dates back to the early 17th century and it is thought to be the oldest building in the area. It has been beautifully restored and now is a lovely place to sit for a drink or to shop – needless to say, it is not a hospital anymore!
Walk around Beira Lake
One of the most local things to do in Colombo is going for a walk around Beira Lake. Close to Gangaramaya Temple, this large lake is of a bright green color – I assume it is because it is very polluted. In the middle the lake there is a small island with the Simamalaka Shrine. It’s a nice place to chill for a bit. You can rent one of the pedal boats to go around a bit.
Climb up Lotus Tower
This is one of the most famous landmarks in Colombo – the kind of thing you can see from a distance. I didn’t have the chance to go up when I visited, but the views from there must be impressive.
Hang out at Independence Memorial Hall
This is probably one of my favorite things to do in Colombo. It’s a nice place, airy, spacious, where locals hang out and from where the views are beautiful. It is perfect for photos thanks to the beautiful light and its architecture.
The building commemorates Sri Lanka independence from Great Britain, which occurred on 4 February 1948. It is surrounded by a nice garden and there is a status of Sri Lanka’s first president, Stephen Senanayake, right in front of it.
Go to Jami Ul-Alfar Mosque
This is by far one of the best places to visit in Colombo. It’s a gorgeous building that dates back to 1909, and it looks like candy.
TIP: Beware of touts hanging outside the mosque. You’re likely to find people demanding money to take photos of the mosque, but they are by no means staff members!
Shop at Pettah Markets
One of the nicest things to do in Colombo is exploring Pettah Markets. There actually are several – including a floating one.
The fruit and vegetable markets is likely to be your favorite. It’s packed with color, and with the smell of delicious fresh fruit – if you have a chance, definitely try the pineapples (they taste nothing like they do in Europe or the US!) and mangoes. There are several kinds of mangos – this is one thing I learned in Sri Lanka, actually. The best one is Alphonso, with Karutha Colomban a close second.
Visit Colombo National Museum
Among the unmissable things to do in Colombo there’s visiting the National Museum. This is the largest museum in the country, and dates back to 1876, when Sri Lanka was still under British rule. It has an interesting exhibit of art and crafts that will help you get a better understanding of Sri Lanka’s history and culture.
PRACTICAL INFORMATION: The museum is located in Sir Marcus Fernando Mawatha. The entrance fee is 350 Rupees (around $2 USD) and the museum is open from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm.
Explore Viharamahadevi Park
Formerly known as Victoria Park, it is located near the National Museum and it’s a nice place to go for a walk. There is a giant golden Buddha Statue and some nice water fountains. Exploring this part of town is one of the things to do in Colombo.
Chill at Galle Face Green
Hanging out at this waterfront really is one of the nicest things to do in Colombo. This is where the locals go for a walk, to swim in the ocean at the end of a hot day at work, and to enjoy local snacks and street food. It’s a really pleasant place to walk around, and you’ll have plenty of excellent photo opportunities.
Now – don’t picture a wide beach and clear turquoise waters. You can see from my photo that the beach is very narrow: you have go do down the stairs to get there. And the water is anything but clear. It’s the ocean after all. But it still a nice place to spend an hour or so.
Enjoy local street food
Among the tastiest things to do in Colombo, there is trying the local street food. When you are in Galle Face Green, you will be tempted to try some of the local specialties. I say, go for it! You’ll see many small stalls, some selling pop corn, potato or manioc chips and other international goodies. Opt for the more local ones and make sure to try parippu wade – it’s a sort of deep fried lentils topped with fried shrimps. It’s not exactly light, but it is oh so tasty.
Practical Information To Organize Your Trip To Colombo
Guided tours of Colombo
If you want to make the most of Colombo without having to worry about getting around, you may want to do a guided city tour. Here are some good options:
Where to stay in Colombo
There are a few excellent hotels in Colombo, and as it usually happens in Sri Lanka, all of them have at good on-site restaurants.
This is a selection of of good accommodation options in Colombo:
- Cinnamon Lakeside has nice, spacious rooms, a fabulous pool, and beautiful views of the lake and the Lotus Tower. There are a couple of on-site restaurants (one serving Thai food; one buffet style), a sports bar and a cocktail bar. Click here for the latest rates and here for reviews.
- Marino Beach Colombo has incredible rooms and even suites facing the ocean, a rooftop pool, restaurants, bar and even a fitness center. Click here for the latest rates and here for reviews.
- Star Anise Boutique Capsules is an excellent budget friendly option and it’s located in the heart of the city. Click here for the latest rates and here for reviews.
Guided tours of Sri Lanka that also go to Colombo
Sri Lanka can be easily visited independently, but if don’t have time to plan, don’t like it, or just want to leave the job to the experts, you can count on some good guided trips. G Adventures Sri Lanka encompassed tour goes to all the most popular places to visit in Sri Lanka, including Colombo.
How to get to Colombo
In Sri Lanka, Colombo is the best connected city and you can easily reach it from pretty much anywhere via the excellent public transportation system.
Colombo is at about 30 to 45 minutes drive from the airport (which is actually closer to Negombo), depending on traffic. The best way to get there is a private transfer, which you can book here for just $5 USD.
How to move around Colombo
Traffic in Sri Lanka can be hectic, and it is actually insane in Colombo. You have several options to move around town.
The good news is that public transportation works well in Sri Lanka, even within the city. Buses very budget friendly; and you’ll have plenty of buses to move around. The bad news is that buses are usually very crowded, and in the terrible traffic they move really slowly.
By tuk tuk
Tuk tuks are everywhere in Sri Lanka; they are an efficient way to go around Colombo and chances are that if you walk around they will spot you from a distance and ask if you need a ride. All you have to do is hail a tuk tuk, check if it has a meter and – if it doesn’t – haggle the price. There even are some apps that allow you to book tuk tuk rides!
By taxi or Uber
The main advantage of going around by taxi or Uber in Colombo is that you are likely to find an air conditioned car – which comes in handy in a city that suffers with terrible heat. Taxis and Ubers are generally inexpensive. You use Uber as you’d do anywhere else; you can hail taxis in the street.
When to visit Colombo, Sri Lanka
All in all, it is always a good time to go to Colombo. Keep in mind that Sri Lanka has two monsoon seasons that hit different parts of the country at different times, and even though you may do your best to avoid them, you may still get some rain when visiting.
However, it is said that December to March is a good time, with drier days. I went at the end of October and found dry weather – but it was definitely overcast and ready to rain.
How long to stay in Colombo
Despite being the largest city in Sri Lanka, Colombo can be visited in just a day. There are probably enough things to keep you busy if you wish to stay longer, but I honestly recommend heading out to explore the rest of the country, which is actually way prettier.
See my recommendations below for further readings on places to visit in Sri Lanka.
Safety in Colombo
Despite many media channels and governments warnings against travel to Sri Lanka, both times I visited I found the country to be incredibly welcoming and safe. Safety measures in Sri Lanka have been heavily increased since the Easter bombings of April 2019, with regular checks in hotels and places of interest.
In general, I find Sri Lanka one of the most welcoming countries I have visited, with lovely, friendly people. My advice is to use your good judgement when it comes to these warnings, but keep in mind that terrorist attacks can occur anywhere, anytime, and that tourism is a much needed source of revenue for the country.
Other useful information
Make sure to check out whether you need a visa to get into Sri Lanka. Nationals of many countries – including the United States, Canada and all EU countries – can now benefit of a visa waiver and can get into the country for free. You will still have to apply for the visa, because you will be asked for confirmation at customs. Should you have to pay for your visa, you can easily apply for your visa online here.
I also recommend getting a good travel insurance. Get yours here.
Check out my post “Why You Need A Good Travel Insurance.”
For further readings about Colombo, you can check one of these books:
- Everything You Should Know Before Backpacking Sri Lanka
- 19 Things To Know Before Visiting Sri Lanka
- 20 Absolutely Beautiful Places To Visit In Sri Lanka
- A Guide To The Most Unique Temples In Sri Lanka
- A Great Guide To Anuradhapura Sri Lanka
- A Guide To The Things To Do In Sigiriya Sri Lanka
- A Complete Guide to Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka
- A Complete Guide To Kandy, Sri Lanka
- A Complete Guide To Galle, Sri Lanka
- A Guide To What To See And Do In Trincomalee Sri Lanka
- What To Wear In Sri Lanka – Essential Items You Shouldn’t Travel Without
- A Very Useful Guide To Ella Sri Lanka
- Where To Do A Safari In Sri Lanka
- A Complete Guide To Hiking Little Adam’s Peak
- A Complete Guide To Visiting Nine Arch Bridge
- 9 Fabulous Things To Do In Mirissa Sri Lanka, And One Not To
- 13 Things To Know About Whale Watching In Mirissa
- A Guide To The Things To Do In Bentota, Sri Lanka
- Food In Sri Lanka: 25 Delicious Dishes You Should Try
Legal Disclaimer: I was a guest of Sri Lanka Tourism Promotion Bureau during my trip to Sri Lanka, and I wish to thank them for the incredible trip and all the useful insights. Needless to say, the views expressed in this post remain mine.