The Best Guide To Monte Alban, Mexico

Monte Alban is easily one of the best sites in Mexico, and a great place to visit on day trips from Oaxaca. Set at 1,940 meters above sea level (that’s 6,400 feet) and rising around 400 meters (1,300 feet) from the valley floor at less than 10 km (6.2 miles) from Oaxaca, the hilltop site will not only be great to explore in and of itself, but also a fantastic place to get views of the surrounding region.

If you are looking for information on visiting Monte Alban, Mexico, I got you covered! I have been there twice: once independently, using public transport from Oaxaca; and once on a guided tour for a more in depth experience.

In this post, I will share everything you need to know about Monte Alban, with information on what to see on the site; how to get there from Oaxaca, and the best Monte Alban tours. Ready to find out more? Let’s go!

Monte Alban
Monte Alban in all its glory

What You Must Know Before Visiting Monte Alban, Mexico

The History of Monte Alban

Monte Alban is a pre-Columbian ceremonial center that has been occupied by a number of ancient civilizations, including Mixtecs, Zapotecs and Olmecs over a period of 1,500 years; and which has been influenced by various other peoples, including the Teotihuacan, Aztecs and the Maya. The evidence of these civilizations from the pre-Classic and Classic periods includes temples and tombs with hieroglyphic inscriptions, and a ball game court.

The site, whose name means “White Mountain,” is one of the most important one in the Oaxaca Valley – it was the capital of the Zapotec civilization between 500 BC and 850 AD. When the Spaniards arrived in the area, the site had already been abandoned.

The site is known for the unique dimensions and chronology and has been a focus of archeological study for many years. Monte Alban was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.

Monte Alban
Views over the site

What to See at Monte Alban, Mexico

The Museo Nacional de Antropologia

The museum is a good starting point for your visit if you would like information about the history of Monte Alban. It has a small collection of artifacts from the site including pottery, relics, small sculptures, and a few carved stone danzantes (from the Los Danzantes building).

You will also find a bookstore, a café with a terrace from where you can enjoy incredible views of the site and the surrounding valley, and guides you can hire for your visit.

Museo Nacional de Antropologia is open Monday to Sunday from 8:00 am to 6:00 pm. Admission is included in the fee you pay to enter the site.

The Main Plaza

The Main Plaza at Monte Alban was the monumental center of the site. The civic and ceremonial structures used by the people are located here. There are also several residences in this area that researchers believe belonged to the elite residents of Monte Alban.

The Ball Court

Just in the vicinity of the Main Plaza, amongst more elite residences and temples, lie two ballcourts. These ballcourts were used for different functions including ballgames and other sporting events, as well as cultural events, like festivals and musical performances.

North Platform

The North Platform has a ceremonial area and an altar. When you walk into the North Plaza, find Stela 9, a stone pillar carved on four sides. Then walk up the reconstructed stairway to get to the top of the platform.

Tumba 104

This structure is an elegant residence of one of the prominent citizens of Monte Alban. The walls surrounding the home are grouped around a central patio. The tomb inside had numerous clay artifacts. The walls of the tomb were painted with priests bearing gifts.

Monte Alban
One of the impressive pyramids

The Pyramids

No visit to Monte Alban would be complete without taking in the view from the top of the pyramids. You will be rewarded for your long, hot walk up the stairs when you reach the top. You will see the breathtaking panoramic view of the rest of the site and the surrounding countryside with its lush vegetation and colorful trees.

An interesting fact about these pyramids is how they differ from the Egyptian pyramids. While in that ancient land, the Egyptians buried their rulers and other prominent citizens inside the pyramids, Mesoamerican pyramids were used for many utilitarian purposes. The pyramids of Monte Alban were used as palaces and temples; altars were used for human sacrifice.

Tombs

The tombs at Monte Alban are believed to be the origin of the Day of the Dead festival. The wealthy citizens of the city were buried alongside their belongings here, with objects made from gold, silver, jade, and stone. This helped archeologists determine the identity of the dead. The tombs were built extremely well and sealed to prevent deterioration. When the scientists initially found them, the tombs were completely intact.

The Day of the Dead tradition is believed to have originated from what was found in the tombs of Monte Alban. The celebration includes dancing, drinking, eating, and parades. During the festivities, the living place food and other gifts on gravestones. Today, the Mexican tradition to celebrate the dead happens every year at the very end of October.

The VG Complex

This complex started out as a ceremonial site, but it is now believed by experts to be a topographical measuring point. The buildings located to the north, south, and east were all temples. The main temple was west and had two columns of foreign stone that supported a roof. The columns have the engraving, ‘God of the Wide Beaked Bird’.

At the south temple, there is a slab placed by the Zapotecs that documents the history of Monte Alban. The depiction of the glyphs is the transfer of power in the generations.

Edificio Enjoyado

When you exit the VG Complex, you will see a structure of stone disc panels beneath the east temple. This decoration, based on the design, led archeologists to believe at one point there was a small population of Teotihuacan people at Monte Alban. This may have been the location of the world’s first exchange program occurring between the Zapotec and the Teotihuacan people.

Building J

This building is unique because the carved stones are in a peculiar arrow shape. Inside the building are over 40 large slabs with carvings and writings that depict the people that once lived there. Many of these slabs are believed to be ‘conquest slabs’ that mark the occasion of a battle victory. Archeologists have theorized that these slabs date back to Monte Alban II.

Los Danzantes of Monte Alban

This site is considered the highlight of Monte Alban. There are about 300 stone slabs here called danzantes, or dancers. Although the name implies that these slabs were there for an entertainment purpose, experts believe they depict something else. The accepted theory today is that these slabs were prisoners or sacrificial victims, and their position implies that they were tortured and mutilated.

Monte Alban
On one of my two visits

How to get to Monte Alban

Local Bus

The is the cheapest way of getting to Monte Alban. In Oaxaca, take the bus from Calle de Tinoco y Palacios to Alamos or Atzompa. The trip takes approximately 40 minutes. Then you will need to hike up a path to the road that leads to Monte Alban. The cost for the bus trip to Monte Alban is around 8 Mexican Pesos ($0.41 USD) each way.

Tourist shuttles

Shuttles run by Autobuses Turisticos depart every hour in front of the Hotel Rivera del Angel, located just outside of Oaxaca City center. The buses run from 8:30 am to 3:30 pm from the hotel. Buses departing Monte Alban to return to town run from 12:00 to 5:00 pm. The roundtrip ride costs around 56 Mexican Pesos ($2.80 USD).

Take a guided tour

There are numerous tour operators that run day trips to Monte Alban from Oaxaca. These day tours might also include another tourist destination on your way to or from Monte Alban. These can be easily arranged online on one of the numerous travel booking sites. You can also ask your hotel front desk to recommend a tour for you.

For guided tours of Monte Alban, click here or here.

Rental Car

You can drive from Oaxaca City to Monte Alban. The distance is about 10 km (6 miles) and, depending on the time of day and traffic, the drive can take anywhere from 20 to 45 minutes.

Taxi or Uber

Many Monte Alban visitors get to the site from Oaxaca using a public taxi or Uber. If you plan on staying at the site for most of the day, you should not have any problem getting a taxi or Uber when you are ready to leave – just jump on any that has just dropped off tourists. The cost to travel this way is up to 160 Mexican Pesos ($8.00 USD) each way.

things to do in Oaxaca
The site is surrounded by mountains

Useful information for your visit

Opening hours and admission fee

Monte Alban is open from 8:00 am to 4:30 pm daily and the cost of admission is 75 Mexican Pesos ($3.75 USD).

Best time to visit

The best time to begin your visit to the Monte Alban site is early in the morning. It is better to get there as early as possible since it will be cooler than later in the day. You will also have a little quiet time before the tour buses arrive and crowd the site. The site is especially popular with locals on the weekends (it’s free to visit for Mexicans on Sundays), so a weekday visit would be the best option.

Weather in Monte Alban, Mexico

The weather at Monte Alban is primarily sunny and warm year-round. It is best to wear a hat to protect your head from the sun, and loose fitting, light colored clothing for your comfort. It is recommended that you use sunscreen on all exposed areas.

What to wear

Whether you choose to climb the pyramids or not, you will be doing quite a bit of walking around the site. Be sure to wear comfortable walking shoes. To avoid dehydration, bring plenty of water for your trip.

Facilities on site

There are restrooms on-site in the museum. There are also restrooms inside the site in the far right corner.

Further Readings

Make sure to read my other posts about Mexico:

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Discover everything you need to know before visiting Monte Alban, Mexico - via @clautavani

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